Concretely, it is a pictorial technique made from crushed pigments, mixed with gummed water, to constitute a painting with water or watercolor. This work is usually done on paper and is differentiated from opaque gouache. Its reputation lies in the fact that the technique is easy to use and its execution is simple. Indeed, the watercolor painting is easy to rework.
Even if the paint is dry, it can be retouched by applying a little water. To do this, a know-how is sometimes required if you want to make a retouch. It is therefore necessary to know how to dose correctly so as not to erase the first layers. In addition, it should be noted that the drying is done in a fast way. Just wait for the water to evaporate. In this type of work, water plays an important role, so that the colors emitted on the paper become very light. But that depends on the painter who conceives it, sometimes. Indeed, some artists prefer to put little water in their mixture to give a more pigmented appearance.
How to start?
For starters, understanding the watercolor technique for beginners is essential. But apart from this technique, the knowledge of the material to use can also be indispensable and the rest goes with the inspiration. Painting, paper and brushes are some of the materials needed to make a watercolor. Regarding painting, there are two forms: in tube or bucket. If you are a beginner, choose bucket paint. It should be noted that there are extra fine watercolors, more expensive but rich in pigments, and fine watercolors that are less pigmented and more economical. As for paper, know that watercolor paper is different from conventional paper. It is thicker, absorbent and resistant, with a weight of 300g / m². For the surface of the paper, there are also three: the satin grain suitable for fine lines and details, the grain towel for the effects of color and relief and, finally, the fine grain, recommended for beginners.
As for brushes, there are five: classic watercolor brushes that have a very high retention capacity, brushes with details, brushes finishes, wet brushes to lay flat washes and brushes tank. As a beginner, focus on these types of brushes because they are very practical to start. Just adjust the pressure on the water tank to get the desired shade. It is also necessary to have: paper towel to wipe if necessary, a sponge to moisten the paper, a support to lay the paper, a pencil to draw the sketch of the creation, two containers of water for rinse the brush and also to dilute the color. Familiarity with these materials is important to start in watercolor.